How We Train
Class training usually consists of:
Warm Up – with a focus on dynamic stretches, muscle warming exercises are done to prevent injury. Some flexibility is gained from these exercises but students should stretch every day on their own to improve flexibility.
Basic training (kihon) – involves practicing kicks, punches, blocks and stances; usually performed in lines so the instructor can easily notice any corrections that need to be suggested. Basics may be practiced with or without partners.
Kata – sequence of moves that represent fighting imaginary opponents. A new kata is learned with each new belt.
Kumite (sparring) – there are four types used in class, and each are practiced with a partner. Click through on the links to see recent examples of these types of kumite on the Charleswood Karate YouTube channel:
- Sanbon kumite (three step) is used for beginners to allow control while students are learning technique and distance.
- Ippon Kumite (one step) is for orange belts and up. A single attack is announced and performed while the partner practices blocking and counter attacking.
- Jiyu ippon kumite (semi-free sparring) is for brown belts testing for shodan level. A single attack is announced but the partners move towards each other until distance is right before attacking.
- Jiyu kumite (free sparring) is for black belt testing and competition in tournaments. This is generally not used for junior students. No attack is called. Control is very important.